image image

Computational Embodied Neuroscience (CEN)

Track Co-Directors: Daniele Caligiore/Gianluca Baldassarre

Reference Research Group: Laboratory of Computational Embodied Neuroscience (LOCEN-ISTC-CNR)

Contents

The goal of this Track is to develop computational and robotic models of the brain in order to understand how it acquires and produces behaviour in healthy and ill people.

This goal will be reached through an original research method to study brain and behaviour, rooted on system-level computational neuroscience and artificial life, named Computational Embodied Neuroscience (CEN). Differently from other computational neuroscience approaches, CEN aims to understand the brain with a “top-down approach” starting from behaviour and function.

The key idea behind this is that the brain evolved to allow animals to act so as to improve their survival and reproductive chances. So to fully understand how brain works, we need to understand not only its mechanisms (anatomy and physiology, the common focus of neuroscience) but also its functions, i.e. “what it is for”. This is why the group is keenly interested in linking the knowledge produced not only by neuroscience but also by psychology.

The study of  System neural-network computational models will be based on a series of specific computational modelling exercises on the most important connectionist neural-networks.

Case studies of Computational embodied neuroscience will be completed with models targeting specific brain and behavior phenomena, based on the study of specific scientific papers and related computational models

Criteria for selection to access the Track

The student must master the following skills: Advanced computer usage (productivity, communication management, internet information gathering, software compile and install); Knowledge of Linux preferred; Basic programming skill and logic/mathematical approach to problem-solving and forma-mentis able to frame brain and behaviour issues in a quantitative and computational form so as to face them with computational models. The student will have to submit a curriculum and a short project proposal. Selected students will conduct an assessment interview.

Profile of ideal applicants

This Track will host two typologies of students: those interested in the scientific study of brain and behaviour with computational models linked to psychology and neuroscience, those interested in artificial intelligence, in particular machine learning applied to autonomous learning robots.

Professional possibilities after the School

• Application for a PhD with bursary after the School, either in Italy or abroad, as a first step towards an academic career leading to a Research Profession
• Possible enrollment during the School to a PhD program without bursary, in particular the “PhD in Computer Science – University of Plymouth (Plymouth, UK)” (made possible by an agreement between ISTC-CNR and the University of Plymouth).
• Professional employment in the private sector in companies that deal with artificial intelligence and autonomous robotics.
• Professional employment in the public sector in institutions that deal with neuroscience, brain diseases, mind, artificial intelligence, autonomous robotics.

Topics of the Research Project (each student Project will focus on a sub-set of topics)

  • Computational system-level models of brain and behavior
  • Artificial intelligence and machine learning, in particular neural networks
  • Autonomous agents, humanoid robots, embodied intelligence
  • Motor learning, motor control and decision making
  • Intrinsic motivations, open-ended learning, and development
  • Brain impairments: autism, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer disease, substance and behavioural dependencies
  • Neural and psychological basis of consciousness and mindfulness

Methods

Computational Embodied Neuroscience modelling and simulation

Criteria to pass the selection to access the Internship phase of the School

Having demonstrated during the first 4 months of the School that the above potential has translated into suitable capabilities, motivation, and professionality to successfully carry out the Project.

Courses 

Accomplishment of a School Project Outcome

Preparation of a scientific paper submitted at the time of Project Discussion.